Broccoli, we have reported on its beneficial properties a number of times in this blog (Super broc, Broccoli’s Kryptonite). Basically, it contains a substance known as glucoraphanin which is converted by the enzyme myrosinase into sulforaphane, which has been shown to have beneficial effects on a range of problems, including oxidative stress, cancer, and inflammation.
An interesting paper published in the Journal of Medicinal Food in 2013 looked into using broccoli sprouts as a supplementary treatment for the complications arising from type II diabetes.
They look at all the metabolic disorders caused by type II diabetes individually, for example, hypertension, insulin resistance and inflammation, and show how different studies have found that broccoli sprouts could help.
One piece of advice from a previous blog, the enzyme myrosinase is broken down by cooking, so if you eat alot of cooked broccoli, eating a bit of broccoli sprouts or radish should increase the health benefit.